1. Security protective marking
1.1. Not protectively marked.
1.2. This policy has a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) that remains restricted under exemptions covered by the Freedom of Information Act.
2. Summary of changes
2.1. The following changes have been made to this policy on 16 November 2011:
- Terminology updated in line with the new Kent Policing Model
2.2. This policy is scheduled for review in March 2012.
3.1. Under the terms of the Health and Safety At Work Act 1974, employers have the following responsibilities:
- To provide necessary information, instruction, training and supervision for ensuring, so far as is reasonable practicable, the health and safety at work of employees.
3.2. This policy and the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) must be complied with for pre-planned events, however, it does not prevent the use of force to effect immediate entry to premises where permissible by law.
4. Forced entry
4.1. A Police Officer must not attempt a forced entry unless they:
- Have received the appropriate training and are currently authorised;
- Are using the approved equipment.
4.2. If it is considered necessary to enter premises where it is anticipated that resistance will be met, a supervisor must explore all reasonable alternatives to the use of force and carry out a risk assessment. Only after such considerations will the use of force be acceptable. In order to complete a risk assessment it will be necessary to carry out a reconnaissance visit of the premises and surrounding area. Reconnaissance and risk assessment details must be recorded and relevant information included within the operational briefing.
4.3. Article 8 of the Human Rights Act 1998 allows for the right to respect for private and family life, which includes a person's home and correspondence.
“There shall be no interference by a public authority with the exercise of this right except such as in accordance with the law and is necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security, public safety or the economic well being of the country, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedom of others.”
4.4. In all circumstances the Human Rights Act 1998 (JAPAN) considerations should be applied and recorded:
5.1. Nominated officers should attend the appropriate courses as run by Training and Tactical Public Order Unit (T&TPOU).
5.2. However, personnel may become involved in spontaneous situations requiring immediate action. It is expected that officers, in accordance with their level of training, will conduct a dynamic risk assessment of the situation in order to identify the safest and most appropriate method of entry into the premises, thereby minimising the risk of injury to themselves, the public or other emergency service personnel.
5.3. Where the assessment identifies the attendance and use of properly trained and equipped staff as a viable option, this will be the preferred method of dealing with the situation.
5.4. If a situation exists where appropriately trained personnel are not available or appropriate due to journey time, consider the following:-
- Where doors and windows are locked, modern double glazing/PVCU will withstand kicking;
- If breaking glass is the option, choose panels near the ground to reduce having to climb to gain entry;
- Use an appropriate implement to break the glass, rather that the ASP Baton, endeavouring to keep clear of fragmenting glass;
- Take steps to protect exposed skin and eyes from fragmenting glass;
- Once the glass has been broken, remove fragments from the door/window frame to facilitate entry into the premises.
5.5. Divisions that purchase new equipment from the approved list must contact T&TPOU as familiarisation training may be required by their officers.
6. Entry equipment
6.1. All equipment must be maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
7. Protective equipment
7.1. All protective equipment used by ‘Method of Entry’ trained officers has been approved. Personal protective equipment must include:
- arm and leg guards;
- thigh guards;
- steel toe capped boots
- protective vest.
8. Recording a forced entry
8.1. An officer involved in a forced entry will record full details in their pocket book, detailing:
- Reasons for use;
- Techniques used;
- Damage caused; and
- Steps taken to secure the premises.
This does not replace the requirement to complete Form 1803 - Premises Searched record, which will need to be completed as well.
9. Retention and disposal of records
9.1. Documents mentioned in the above policy will be retained for the period specified in the Disposal Schedule.
10. Equality impact assessment
10.1. This policy has been assessed with regard to its relevance to race and diversity equality. As a result of this assessment the policy has been graded as having a low potential impact.
10.2. Attached is the latest equality impact assessment that forms part of the policy review process.
|Policy reference:||M07A Unarmed Method of Entry|
|Policy owner:||Chief Superintendent, Tactical Operations|
|Contact point:||Policy Unit, 01622 652622|
|Date last reviewed:||15 November 2011|
|Document last saved:||23 December 2011