Female Genital Mutilation
Female genital mutilation (FGM) also known as ‘female circumcision’ or ‘cutting’ is a term for procedures which partially or totally remove external genital organs, or cause injury to them, for cultural or non-medical reasons.
FGM is considered to be child abuse in the UK
While some parents may not think it’s harmful, it’s medically unnecessary, extremely painful and has serious health consequences.
A number of girls die from blood loss or infection. In the longer term, they’re twice as likely to die in childbirth, and four times more likely to give birth to a stillborn child.
The Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 makes it illegal to:
- practice FGM in the UK
- assist a girl to mutilate her own genitalia, whether in the UK or abroad
- take British Nationals or permanent UK residents abroad for FGM whether or not it’s lawful in that country
It’s also illegal for UK nationals or permanent UK residents to:
- perform FGM on anyone overseas
- help FGM be carried out abroad
FGM offences can lead to 14 years in prison and/or a fine.